Korean language (Hangul)

Sound files are provided for proper pronunciation.

Special thanks goes out to (and I hope I didn't mix their first- and last-names ;-):

for giving me a better understanding of the language and helping me to improve this page.

Stances (Sohgi)

The following words are often used as commands. If this is the case, the name of the stance is usually followed by the command "Joonbi", which means to get ready into that stance. 'Naranhi' sohgi is the beginning of each style form. It is not common to give this stance as a command, so here only the term 'joonbi' is used.

[Sound]   Naranhi Sohgi          - 'Parallel' stance
[Sound]   Pyonhi Sohgi           - Ready stance (i.e. "at ease")
[Sound]   Moa Sohgi              - 'Closed feet' stance
[Sound]   Ahp Sohgi              - Walking stance
[Sound]   Ahpkubi Sohgi          - Forward stance
[Sound]   Dwikubi Sohgi          - Backward stance
[Sound]   Juchoom Sohgi          - 'Horse riding' stance
[Sound]   Bum Sohgi              - 'Tiger' stance
[Sound]   Koa Sohgi              - 'Twisted' stance

Blocking techniques (Maggi)

[Sound]   Ahre maggi             - Low block
[Sound]   Momtong maggi          - Middle block
[Sound]   Eolgul maggi           - High block
[Sound]   Geudeureo maggi        - Fidt of one arm supports the other arm by the elbow
[Sound]   Sonnal-bakat maggi     - Block with knifehand, from inside to outside
[Sound]   Gawi maggi             - "Scissor" block: With one hand ahre maggi,	the other one a momtong-bakat maggi
[Sound]   Eotgalyo maggi         - 'X'-block
[Sound]   Hechyo maggi           - 'Wig'-block
[Sound]   Bituro maggi           - Twisting block

Arm techniques

[Sound]   Eolgul jireugi         - High punch
[Sound]   Momtong jireugi        - 'Middle' punch
[Sound]   Sonnal mok anchigi     - With knifehand strike at neck
[Sound]   Pyeonsonkut jireugi    - Spear fingers
[Sound]   Doobeon jireugi        - Double punch
[Sound]   Kaljaebi               - 'Strangle' punch

Kicking techniques (Chagi)

[Sound]   Ahp-cha-gi             - Front kick
[Sound]   Dolryo-cha-gi          - Round kick
[Sound]   Naeryo-cha-gi          - Axe kick/Downward kick
[Sound]   Yop-cha-gi             - Side kick
[Sound]   Dwi-cha-gi             - Backward kick
[Sound]   Hooryo-cha-gi          - Hook kick
[Sound]   Bandae-dolryo-cha-gi   - Spinning hook kick
[Sound]   Dwi-dolryo-cha-gi      - Spinning hook kick


[Sound]   Hana                   - one
[Sound]   Tul                    - two
[Sound]   Set                    - three
[Sound]   Net                    - four
[Sound]   Tasot                  - five
[Sound]   Yosot                  - six
[Sound]   Ilgob                  - seven
[Sound]   Yudol                  - eight
[Sound]   Ahop                   - nine
[Sound]   Yeol                   - ten
[Sound]   Yeol Hanna             - eleven
[Sound]   Yeol Tul               - twelve
[Sound]   Yeol Set               - thirteen
[Sound]   SeuMool                - twenty
[Sound]   SeuMool Hanna          - twenty one
[Sound]   SeuMool Tul            - twenty two
[Sound]   Soreun                 - thirty
[Sound]   Maheun                 - forty
[Sound]   Sheen                  - fifty
[Sound]   YeSoon                 - sixty
[Sound]   IlHeun                 - seventy
[Sound]   YuDoon                 - eighty
[Sound]   AHeun                  - ninety
[Sound]   Bak                    - hundred

The following words are of chinese origin and are mostly used as "1st, 2nd etc." (The first Taeguk: Poomse Taeguk Il Jang)

[Sound]   Il                     - 1st
[Sound]   Ee                     - 2nd
[Sound]   Sam                    - 3rd
[Sound]   Sah                    - 4th
[Sound]   Oh                     - 5th
[Sound]   Yook                   - 6th
[Sound]   Chil                   - 7th
[Sound]   Pal                    - 8th
[Sound]   Koo                    - 9th
[Sound]   Sip                    - 10th
[Sound]   Sip Il                 - 11th
[Sound]   Ee Sip                 - 20th
[Sound]   Ee Sip Il              - 21st
[Sound]   Sam Sip                - 30th
[Sound]   Sam Sip Il             - 31st
[Sound]   Sah Sip                - 40th
[Sound]   Oh Sip                 - 50th
[Sound]   Yook Sip               - 60th
[Sound]   Chil Sip               - 70th
[Sound]   Pal Sip                - 80th
[Sound]   Koo Sip                - 90th
[Sound]   Il Bak                 - 100th

The body

[Sound]   Mom                    - Body
[Sound]   Eolgool                - Upper body (i.e. head and neck)
[Sound]   Momtong                - Middle part of body (trunk)
[Sound]   Ahre                   - Lower part of body (i.e. legs and feet)
[Sound]   Meo-li                 - Head
[Sound]   Mok                    - Neck
[Sound]   Myung chi              - Solar plexus
[Sound]   Pal                    - Arm
[Sound]   Palkoop                - Elbow
[Sound]   Palmok                 - Forearm
[Sound]   Son                    - Hand
[Sound]   SonMok                 - Wrist
[Sound]   JuMeok                 - Fist
[Sound]   Dari                   - Leg
[Sound]   Murup                  - Knee
[Sound]   Baal                   - Foot
[Sound]   Apchook                - Ball of foot


Gyorugi                    - sparring
HohGoo                     - body protector
Charyeot                   - attention stance
Kyeongre                   - bow
Joonbi                     - ready
Jeon                       - round
Il-hoejeon                 - first round
Shijak                     - start fight
Kallyo                     - pause
Kuman                      - end fight
Kam-Jom-Hana               - penalty point
Kyeongo-Hana               - warning
Hong                       - red
Chong                      - blue
Boo Sang                   - injury

The disciplines of Taekwondo

Poomse                     - style-forms
Hosinsul                   - self-defense
Gyorugi                    - sparring
Kyepka                     - breaktest

Tenets of Taekwondo

Ye ui                      - courtesy
Yom chi                    - integrity
In nae                     - perseverance
JahJeh                     - self-control
Baekjool                   - indomitable spirit


Ahp                        - front
Dwi                        - back
Bandae                     - reverse
Bakat                      - outer
An                         - inner
Anuro                      - inward
Bakuro                     - outward
OhReun                     - right
Wen                        - left


Kibon dongjak              - fundamental practice
Poomse/ Hyong              - style figures
Daeryon                    - step sparring
Sajoe daeryon              - four-direction movement
Pan ja yu                  - semi contact fight
Gyorugi                    - full contact fight
Hosinsool                  - self-defense
Paegi                      - freeing techniques
Kihap                      - powerful yell, to collect and focus internal energy
Chagi                      - kick
Chigi                      - attack with hand
Jiroegi                    - punch
Dan                        - black belt degree: 1st - 10th degree
Gup                        - colored belt degree: 10th (white) - 1st (red-black)
Dobok                      - Taekwondo uniform
Tie                        - belt
Dojang                     - practice gym
Kwan                       - school
Sabeom Nim                 - instructor
Kam sa hamnida             - Thank you
CheonMaNeYo                - You're welcome

Picture from: http://www.korea.com/intro2.htm

Copyright (c) 1994-2016 by Barry Nauta (barry_at_nauta_dot_be, http://www.barrel.net/ or http://www.nauta.be). Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "Copyleft".